Pole star Wikipedia

Work with our award-winning creative services studio and advertising agency to bring your brand or product story to life. Polestar teams up with experts in every field, within our industry and in others, to drive progress toward our goals. Polestar Precept, which will go into production as Polestar 5, is unveiled. Design is the tool used to create products that bring about a cleaner, more sustainable future. That makes the desirable choice and the right choice the same. The company is fresh out of a divorce with Volvo, resulting in a significant reduction of Volvo’s stake in Polestar to 18 percent, while Geely became the majority owner.

  1. You will receive an email if there is a reply to your comment, an update to a thread you follow or if a user you follow comments.
  2. It’s also Polestar’s most powerful and quickest EV to date with up to 544 hp from the dual-motor setup and a 0-62 mph time of 3.8 seconds.
  3. Polestar began producing high-performance Polestar Engineered versions of Volvo cars, created Polestar as a standalone brand and spun it off as a standalone company with an IPO in June 2022.
  4. The Polestar 2 straddles the lines between sedan, hatchback and SUV.

You will receive an email if there is a reply to your comment, an update to a thread you follow or if a user you follow comments. The first fully electric Polestar begins to be produced at scale. A Life Cycle Assessment, from creation to end of life, is performed for Polestar 2. The electric roadster concept, equipped with a drone, is shown to the world. A follow-up to the popular BST 270 edition enters production.

Our Best Predictions for the Biggest Watch Event of 2024 (Plus the Rest of the Year)

When we develop our cars, we always focus on the details. Our commitment to design and innovation propels us towards a smarter and more sustainable future. The same commitment goes for our range of additionals, an exclusive collection of Polestar products that celebrate and showcase the Polestar identity.

The limited run LA Concept edition has already sold out. Polestar is calling it a “new breed of SUV coupe.” It slots between the Polestar 2 and the Polestar 3 for umarkets review both size and price. It’s also Polestar’s most powerful and quickest EV to date with up to 544 hp from the dual-motor setup and a 0-62 mph time of 3.8 seconds.

Explore Certified by Polestar vehicles

And who knows, we might even drop some surprises in limited numbers every now and then. During the 1st millennium BC, Beta Ursae Minoris (Kochab) was the bright star closest to the celestial pole, but it was never close enough to be taken as marking the pole, and the Greek navigator Pytheas in ca. 320 BC described the celestial pole as devoid of stars.[5][9] In the Roman era, the celestial pole was about equally distant between Polaris and Kochab. Since then, both the products and the brand have spread across the globe. Retail spaces, offices, production facilities, and a service network can be found in multiple countries. Proving that more sustainable electric performance is at home everywhere.

First deliveries of Polestar 2

In the Vishnu Purana, it is personified under the name Dhruva (“immovable, fixed”). “As much as we might build a very similar car, because it has a different number we won’t have this natural trap where we’re boxed into that concept of what the car had been,” Ingenlath told Autocar. “At some point, you get into a strange situation when you’re in double-digit generations and it gets really questionable.” He added that it’s too early to tell what the 7 will share with the 2 and how it will stand out. The model will occupy roughly the same spot in the Polestar range as its predecessor, however; it won’t be positioned above the upcoming 6. Polestar plans to bring the O2 concept into production in 2026 (presumably without the drone) as the Polestar 6.

A total of $1.3 billion is needed for Polestar to establish production of its upcoming EVs, with $950 million already sourced as a form of a three-year loan. The CEO is confident they will “manage the last remaining bit” of $350 million. Our purely speculative rendering above depicts a low-slung EV based on Polestar’s latest styling language. The surfacing and the lack of a rear windshield are borrowed from the Polestar 4, although we opted for a more aerodynamic stance, a different greenhouse, and lighting units similar to those of the Polestar 3. While technically an offshoot of Geely-owned Volvo, Polestar aims to establish itself as its own automaker with its own sources of funding. To that end, Volvo in late February 2024 reduced its stake in Polestar from 48.3% to 18%.

This ’79 Pontiac Firebird wreck just sold for nearly six figures

The companies will share technology, platforms and production facilities. Polestar will sell sportier cars and take on sportier development projects that (at least theoretically) wouldn’t be a fit with Volvo branding. Around 200 BC, the star Beta Hydri was the nearest bright star to the celestial south pole.[19] Around 2800 BC, Achernar was only 8 degrees from the south pole.

A pole star is a visible star that is approximately aligned with the axis of rotation of an astronomical body; that is, a star whose apparent position is close to one of the celestial poles. On Earth, a pole star would lie directly overhead when viewed from the North or the South Pole. Polestar cars are a new form of electric performance.

The Polestar 2 straddles the lines between sedan, hatchback and SUV. The Polestar 2 is getting some significant updates for 2024. The single-motor version switched from FWD fxpcm to a more powerful and more performance-oriented (299 hp and 361 lb-ft) RWD motor. Financial maneuverings aside, Polestar will still be heavily partnered with Volvo.

Founded in 2007, Gear Patrol is the definitive buying guide for enthusiasts. Our independent experts test the best in cars, tech, home, outdoors, style and watches. We combine hands-on testing, decades of experience and original photography to craft reports, reviews and guides.

If you happen to be driving one, it’s a question you’ll get asked constantly. In short, Polestar is a Swedish electric performance car brand. The name stems from the Polestar racing team, which was also a Volvo performance tuner. Volvo bought the performance tuning portion of the company and the Polestar name. Polestar began producing high-performance Polestar Engineered versions of Volvo cars, created Polestar as a standalone brand and spun it off as a standalone company with an IPO in June 2022. The Polestar 2 followed up the automaker’s debut model, the Polestar 1, launching in 2020 and just recently seeing a substantial update.

Currently, there is no South Pole Star like Polaris, the so-called North Star. Sigma Octantis is the closest near naked-eye star to the south celestial pole, but at apparent magnitude 5.47 it is barely visible on a clear night, making it less useful for casual navigational or astronomy alignment purposes.[14][15]It is a yellow giant 294 light years from Earth. Its angular separation from the pole is about 1° (as of 2000[update]). The Southern Cross constellation functions as an approximate southern pole constellation, by pointing lmfx review to where a southern pole star would be. Due to the precession of the equinoxes (as well as the stars’ proper motions), the role of North Star has passed (and will pass) from one star to another in the remote past (and in the remote future). Currently, Earth’s pole stars are Polaris (Alpha Ursae Minoris), a bright magnitude 2 star aligned approximately with its northern axis that serves as a pre-eminent star in celestial navigation, and a much dimmer magnitude 5.5 star on its southern axis, Polaris Australis (Sigma Octantis).

Posted: August 29, 2022 4:02 pm

According to Agung Rai

“The concept of taksu is important to the Balinese, in fact to any artist. I do not think one can simply plan to paint a beautiful painting, a perfect painting.”

The issue of taksu is also one of honesty, for the artist and the viewer. An artist will follow his heart or instinct, and will not care what other people think. A painting that has a magic does not need to be elaborated upon, the painting alone speaks.

A work of art that is difficult to describe in words has to be seen with the eyes and a heart that is open and not influenced by the name of the painter. In this honesty, there is a purity in the connection between the viewer and the viewed.

As a through discussion of Balinese and Indonesian arts is beyond the scope of this catalogue, the reader is referred to the books listed in the bibliography. The following descriptions of painters styles are intended as a brief introduction to the paintings in the catalogue, which were selected using several criteria. Each is what Agung Rai considers to be an exceptional work by a particular artist, is a singular example of a given period, school or style, and contributes to a broader understanding of the development of Balinese and Indonesian paintng. The Pita Maha artist society was established in 1936 by Cokorda Gde Agung Sukawati, a royal patron of the arts in Ubud, and two European artists, the Dutch painter Rudolf Bonnet, and Walter Spies, a German. The society’s stated purpose was to support artists and craftsmen work in various media and style, who were encouraged to experiment with Western materials and theories of anatomy, and perspective.
The society sought to ensure high quality works from its members, and exhibitions of the finest works were held in Indonesia and abroad. The society ceased to be active after the onset of World War II. Paintings by several Pita Maha members are included in the catalogue, among them; Ida Bagus Made noted especially for his paintings of Balinese religious and mystical themes; and Anak Agung Gde Raka Turas, whose underwater seascapes have been an inspiration for many younger painters.

Painters from the village of Batuan, south of Ubud, have been known since the 1930s for their dense, immensely detailed paintings of Balinese ceremonies, daily life, and increasingly, “modern” Bali. In the past the artists used tempera paints; since the introduction of Western artists materials, watercolors and acrylics have become popular. The paintings are produced by applying many thin layers of paint to a shaded ink drawing. The palette tends to be dark, and the composition crowded, with innumerable details and a somewhat flattened perspective. Batuan painters represented in the catalogue are Ida Bagus Widja, whose paintings of Balinese scenes encompass the sacred as well as the mundane; and I Wayan Bendi whose paintings of the collision of Balinese and Western cultures abound in entertaining, sharply observed vignettes.

In the early 1960s,Arie Smit, a Dutch-born painter, began inviting he children of Penestanan, Ubud, to come and experiment with bright oil paints in his Ubud studio. The eventually developed the Young Artists style, distinguished by the used of brilliant colors, a graphic quality in which shadow and perspective play little part, and focus on scenes and activities from every day life in Bali. I Ketut Tagen is the only Young Artist in the catalogue; he explores new ways of rendering scenes of Balinese life while remaining grounded in the Young Artists strong sense of color and design.

The painters called “academic artists” from Bali and other parts of Indonesia are, in fact, a diverse group almost all of whom share the experience of having received training at Indonesian or foreign institutes of fine arts. A number of artists who come of age before Indonesian independence was declared in 1945 never had formal instruction at art academies, but studied painting on their own. Many of them eventually become instructors at Indonesian institutions. A number of younger academic artists in the catalogue studied with the older painters whose work appears here as well. In Bali the role of the art academy is relatively minor, while in Java academic paintings is more highly developed than any indigenous or traditional styles. The academic painters have mastered Western techniques, and have studied the different modern art movements in the West; their works is often influenced by surrealism, pointillism, cubism, or abstract expressionism. Painters in Indonesia are trying to establish a clear nation of what “modern Indonesian art” is, and turn to Indonesian cultural themes for subject matter. The range of styles is extensive Among the artists are Affandi, a West Javanese whose expressionistic renderings of Balinese scenes are internationally known; Dullah, a Central Javanese recognized for his realist paintings; Nyoman Gunarsa, a Balinese who creates distinctively Balinese expressionist paintings with traditional shadow puppet motifs; Made Wianta, whose abstract pointillism sets him apart from other Indonesian painters.

Since the late 1920s, Bali has attracted Western artists as short and long term residents. Most were formally trained at European academies, and their paintings reflect many Western artistic traditions. Some of these artists have played instrumental roles in the development of Balinese painting over the years, through their support and encouragement of local artist. The contributions of Rudolf Bonnet and Arie Smit have already been mentioned. Among other European artists whose particular visions of Bali continue to be admired are Willem Gerrad Hofker, whose paintings of Balinese in traditional dress are skillfully rendered studies of drapery, light and shadow; Carel Lodewijk Dake, Jr., whose moody paintings of temples capture the atmosphere of Balinese sacred spaces; and Adrien Jean Le Mayeur, known for his languid portraits of Balinese women.

Agung Rai feels that

Art is very private matter. It depends on what is displayed, and the spiritual connection between the work and the person looking at it. People have their own opinions, they may or may not agree with my perceptions.

He would like to encourage visitors to learn about Balinese and Indonesian art, ant to allow themselves to establish the “purity in the connection” that he describes. He hopes that his collection will de considered a resource to be actively studied, rather than simply passively appreciated, and that it will be enjoyed by artists, scholars, visitors, students, and schoolchildren from Indonesia as well as from abroad.

Abby C. Ruddick, Phd